Why is the Atlantic basin important?
The Atlantic Ocean is the world's second-largest ocean and a major global body of water. The Atlantic Basin is important to several countries, as it offers access to major trade routes and provides resources such as oil and fish. It also supports marine life in its waters, serves as an important source of recreation, and helps to modulate global climate patterns.
Fun Facts: Atlantic Basin
1. The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's ocean basins, covering approximately one-fifth of the Earth's surface and about 29 percent of its water surface area.
2. The Atlantic basin is home to some of the world's longest submarine mountain ranges, including the mid-Atlantic Ridge which runs along the entire length of the Atlantic seafloor.
3. The Gulf Stream, located in the North Atlantic Ocean, is a powerful warm current that carries warm water from the Caribbean toward Europe and often affects weather patterns in North America and Europe.
4. The North Atlantic Gyre, located between Europe and North America, is estimated to be larger than the size of Texas and surrounded by 5 subtropical gyres: the Caribbean Sea Gyre, South Atlantic Gyre, Indian Ocean Gyre, Arctic Mediterranean Sea Gyre and South Pacific Gyre. It transports millions of tons of plastic debris throughout its currents every year polluting our oceans as well as affecting life on land due to windy weather conditions it produces through evaporation imbalance.
5. The Sargasso Sea lies within its boundaries forming a unique ecosystem with hundreds of species including large algae beds & endemic species such as sargassum fish & sawfish snout seahorse. Its undersea mountain range consists mostly of extinct volcanoes resembling a submerged island chain known as Seamounts or Guyots (submarine Hawaiian islands).